Empire Collections

General Pinteville


Pierre Alexis Pinteville, born January 31, 1771 in Vaucouleurs in the Meuse and died August 27, 1850 in Toul, in Meurthe-et-Moselle, is a French general of the Revolution and the Empire.

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He entered service with the 11th Dragoons in 1790 and passed successively through all ranks until that of squadron leader on October 20, 1796, rank with which he participated in December 1796 in the Irish expedition within a Free corps of hunters on horseback which he organized with Colonel Lamoureux. On January 30, 1798, he served in Saint-Domingue, under the direction of General Hédouville, and returned to France on the following December 31.

On May 21, 1800, he was placed in the wake of the 11th regiment of hunters on horseback, and the following October 23, he was put on reform leave. On December 22, 1800, he commanded a squadron of the 11th regiment of mounted chasseurs, before being knighted in the Legion of Honor on March 26, 1804. From 1805 to 1807, he participated in the campaigns of Austria, Prussia and Poland. On March 31, 1809, he was appointed colonel commanding the 6th provisional regiment of dragoons in Spain with which he distinguished himself in Astorga on April 23, 1810.

He then took command of the 30th regiment of dragoons on August 20, 1810. In 1812, he campaigned in Russia, and became an officer of the Legion of Honor on July 1. He was wounded in the Battle of the Moskva on September 7 and, during the retreat, brought back the regimental eagle he hid during the Restoration. On February 3, 1813, he was promoted to colonel-major in the regiment of dragoons of the Imperial Guard, which he was second in command. During a skirmish at Toeplitz, near Culm, on September 17, 1813, a piece of shrapnel wiped out part of his face and jaw. Treated, he survives, but this injury forces him to wear a silver and leather prosthesis until the end of his life. Napoleon conferred on him the title of Baron of the Empire on August 16 of the same year. In 1814, during the First Restoration, King Louis XVIII made him a knight of Saint-Louis and appointed him honorary field marshal on January 24, 1815.

During the Hundred Days, Napoleon confirmed him in his rank of field marshal on 3 June 1815, but he remains unassigned. He died on August 27, 1850 in Toul where his grave still remains in the municipal cemetery.