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Bonaparte on Arcole bridge 1796 November 17th
Artist Antoine-Jean Gros
Type Oil on canvas
Dimensions 130 cm × 94 cm (51 in × 37 in)
On 17 November 1796, at a battle near Arcole, the General Bonaparte threw himself first into the fray to storm a bridge occupied by the Austrian army, thus moving forward his soldiers, who had fallen back. Napoleon's act led to a French victory.455.00 €
Pewter frame 53 cm x 45 cm
The Old Guard (French Vieille Garde) were the elite veteran elements of the Emperor Napoleon's Imperial Guard. As such it was the most prestigious formation in Napoleon's Grande Armée.
The Old Guard was formed of veteran soldiers who had served Napoleon since his earliest campaigns.
It is believed that Napoleon hand-selected members of his Old Guard based on physical traits, most notably above-average height. Their imposing stature was likely impressive to foes and allies alike. Serving in the army for several years as well as a citation for bravery were also taken into consideration when selecting troops into the Old Guard.
This frame has been created according to a famous picture of Auguste Raffet (1836)519.00 €
Bonaparte, Consul, crossing the St Bernard pass
Picture by J.L. David (oil painting 2.72 m x 2.32m)
70 x 100 cm432.00 €
After a successful campaign in Italy at the end of the eighteenth century, military focus of France turned towards a more powerful enemy, England. The campaign to Egypt was supported by Napoleon Bonaparte, who, inspired by theories of the writer and philosopher Volney, was enamored of the idea of conquering Egypt. Napoleon's reasons for an expedition to Egypt were at once emotional as well 'Real-politik-al'. The emotional from the Egyptomania wich arose during the second half of the 18th century. The political being the Directory's desire to distance from Paris a dangerously powerful military man flushed with his spectacular success in Italy, and that Directory's and Napoleon's own interest in attempting to remove Britain's powerbase on the Indian sub-continent.
The French occupation of Egypt lasted from 1798 to 1801.
For the first time in military history, an army set forth with martial as well as academic intentions. For this purpose, more than 160 scholars were selected to accompany the army to Egypt. Among them Berthollet, Dolomieu, Geoffroy Sainte-Hillaire, Hassenfratz, Jomard, Conté, Monge, Fourier
Many men of letters as Arnaud and Perceval, and the drawer Devon.
On May 10, 1798, Napoleon's army of more than 30,000 men and women set sail from Toulon, France.
He was accompagnied by his loyal lieutenants as Desaix, Kleber, Beauharnais, Ganteaume, Decres, Desgenettes, Larrey ...
On the way to Egypt, Napoleon conquered the island of Malta, to be used as a strategic base between Egypt and France
Then on July, 1798 the French army landed in Egypt near Alexandria at the mouth of the Nile. Although the city was fortified, it quickly fell to the French.
One on the most famous battle of this campaign is the Battle of Pyramids which was on July 21 1798.
In addition to the military success, the biggest progress got in Rosetta, on July, 19. Some soldiers found the famous stone during this Campaign.
Rosetta Stone is a stone engraved with hieroglyphic, Dimutkip and Greek characters. Twenty three years later, Jean François Champollion interpreted such language after matching them with the Greek and hieroglyphic texts of the other, the stone was the key to solve the mystery of writing Heroglafah.
On the military front, the Campaign got more difficult. Napoleon decided the strike first and marched his armies into Palestine to confront the Ottomans in Syria. However, after unsuccessfully laying siege to Acre from March to May 1799, Napoleon retreated to Egypt.
The arrival of the British fleet announced the French reply. British destroyed the French ships one by one. The destruction of the French fleet was a military disaster that sealed the fate of the French expedition to Egypt.
The «Description de l'Egypte» a huge multi-volume collection compiled by the scholars of the Institut d'Égypte upon order by Napoleon Bonaparte, became later the principal resource for documenting and commemorating the French expedition to the Near East.461.00 €
Napoleon I in Coronation Robes By: Francois Gerard (1770 - 1837) Original Size: 143 x 223 cms / 56.3 x 87.8 inches
Medium: Oil on Canvas
Location: Chateau de Versailles, France Napoleon's 'Grand habillement' comprised: "white silk pantaloons and stockings; white slippers with gold embroidery; a white silk tunic, bordered and embroidered with gold crepine at the base; a cloak attached at the shoulders, made of purple velvet spotted with golden bees, embroidered around the edges and lined with ermine; white gold-embroidered gloves, a lace cravate; open crown of gold, formed into bay leaves formée; gold sceptre and hand of justice; sword with gold handle, encrusted with diamonds, attached to a white sash worn around the waist and decorated with gold crepine."319.40 €
Coronation of the Emperor Napoleon 1st
1804, December 2nd
Picture by Jacques-Louis DAVID, Paris, Louvre Museum
(oil painting: 6.21 m x 9.79 m)
70 x 100 cm
Napoleon giving instructions before the battle of Austerlitz
1805, December 2nd
Picture by Vernet Antoine Charles Horace (oil painting 3.80 m x 6.44 m)
50 x 70 cm